Doryanthes - - Semi-mature and mature Doryanthus palmeri

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Doryanthus palmeri - Gymea Lily, Flame Lily, Spear Lily, Gigantic Lily, Torch Lily, lllawarra Lily



Doryanthaceae (formerly Agavaceae)


Australia on sandstone soils around Sydney between Wollongong and Wyong.

Plant Type:

An evergreen soft wooded perennial.


The clump of leaves up to 2.5m tall, the flower stems 2 to 5m tall.

Habit/ Form:


A rosette of erect lanceolate leaves, the leaves 1 to 2.5m long x 100mm wide, margins entire and slightly undulate, leathery, mid green to dark green.


Loose funnelform six petalled flowers, 120 - 140mm across, the broad linear petals deep red on the outside and rosy red on the inside. The flowers are in a large dense clump (a compact raceme rather than panicale of D.excelsa) at the top of fleshy flowers


A 100mm long capsule, green aging to dark brown / black.

Bark / Trunk:

Vigour / Longevity:

Slow to moderate, moderately long lived.

Environmental Requirements:

A very hardy plant once established. Will grow well in very sunny positions to dappled shade.


Not frost tolerant when young, some frost tolerance when older (flowers may be damaged by any more than light frosts), some drought tolerance if growing in the shade, will show leaf damage if the drought is severe or too long.

Soil / Drainage:

Hardy to most soils with good drainage and some added organic matter.


The flower stems are usually cut away after they have faded, or cut for cut flower use.


While this plant will tolerate some drought its foliage will remain in much better condition if it is well watered.


Leaf colour and growth rate are both dramatically improved with applications of native plant fertilisers during the growing season.

Pests / Diseases:

The flowers are prone to frost damage and the leaves will burn in prolonged droughts.


Attracts nectar and insect eating birds. A very large and bold architectural plant suitable for accent plantings, habit contrasts, flower colour contrasts, native gardens, cut flower and cut foliage for floral art, large tubs, mass plantings for screens, council roadside plantings.



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