Aspidistra - - Semi-mature and mature Aspidistra elatior Varegata

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Aspidistra elatior Varegata - Variegated Cast Iron Plant

 

Family:

Asparagaceae

Origins:

Southern China, Japan, Taiwan

Plant Type:

Evergreen, herbacious, rhizomatus perennial

Size:

600mm x 300mm spread with leaves 300-500mm

Habit/ Form:

Leaves:

Simple, entire oblong leaf with parallel venation, creeping stem and lush leaves which arise directly from the rhizome at ground level

Flowers:

Rarely seen and some say unremarkable fleshy, 8-lobed cream flowers with maroon colouring on the inner surface, borne below the leaf stems and above the soilin early summer

Fruit:

None

Bark / Trunk:

None

Vigour / Longevity:

Aspidistras are long lived, relatively pest free reliable work horses indoors and out in temperate, subtropical and tropical zones - will be killed by frost. They thrive in dry shade and look lush and leafy.

Environmental Requirements:

Dry shade to dappled sun

Hardiness:

It is tolerant of low light, low humidity, temperature fluctuation and irregular watering. It is best situated in a position away from direct sun to avoid leaf bleaching. Not frost tolerant, leaves will burn.

Soil / Drainage:

Good drainage is also required for optimal growth and to avoid root rot

Pruning:

Very little maintenance is required once established, removal of dead foliage.

Watering:

Not needed once established, water pot plants sparingly. While tolerant of low moisture conditions, Cast Iron Plant should be watered during periods of drought.

Fertilising:

Fertilisers are not usually needed. The variegated version of this plant needs fairly poor soil to retain its coloration.

Pests / Diseases:

Reasonably pest free except of some mites and scale in high humidity. Root rot on wet soils.

Uses:

Container or above-ground planter; ground cover in dry shade good under trees; suitable for growing indoors; accent; edging. Plant on 12 to 18-inch centers for quick ground cover effect

 

 

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