Livistona - - Semi-mature and mature Livistona chinensis

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Livistona chinensis - Chinese Fan Palm

 

Family:

Arecaceae

Origins:

Japan, Taiwan

Plant Type:

Evergreen tree-like soft wooded perennial - palm.

Size:

To 8-10m tall, to 4m wide with a straight trunk of approx 25 cm diameter.

Habit/ Form:

An attractive, solitary, rounded canopy fan palm to about 10m x 4m with distinctive drooping tips to its leaves.

Leaves:

The 3m long star shaped leaves on 1.2m spiny petioles, which split into many ribbonlike segments (costapalmate) drooping from the middle of the leaf giving a fountain like effect en masse

Flowers:

Inconspicuous white flowers in Spring/Summer. Flowers are bisexual, male and female flowers grow on the same plant

Fruit:

Bunches of small (15mm) blue olive-like aging to black fruit (seeds)

Bark / Trunk:

The young trunk is very rough with the persistent leaf bases clasping the stem. Eventually they self clean revealing a ridged grey-brown trunk ringed with old leaf scars. It is slightly swollen at the base.

Vigour / Longevity:

Slow growing and long lived

Environmental Requirements:

Prefers a shady position when young, then requires a full sun, moist position. A relatively tough, easy to grow palm, tolerant of a wide range of conditions.

Hardiness:

Tolerant of short periods of drought although canopy suffers, reasonably cold tolerant. Can tolerate light frosts to -3

Soil / Drainage:

Any reasonably fertile well drained soil (including alkaline). Will benefit from an organic mulch.

Pruning:

The palm is self-cleaning of old leaves and will require little or no pruning.

Watering:

Best growth with reliable watering. Not drought hardy.

Fertilising:

Fertilise 2 - 3 times in the growing season with slow release ferts to improve growth rates and keep good quality palm crown

Pests / Diseases:

Mostly disease resistant. Some scale pests.

Uses:

Its elegant form makes it well-suited to use as a specimen tree. Tropical effect plants, avenues, singularly or in small groups for their round weeping crowns and straight trunks.

 

 

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