Around the Mediterranean from Africa's Atlas Mountains in Morocco to Spain and France and eastward to Turkey.
Evergreen soft wooded perennial -palm wit fan shaped leaves
1 - 4m
A very variable species, usually clumping, however, also occasionally single trunked, to about 3m tall.
Palmately compound, 1-1.5 m long, with 10-20 fingered leaflets 50-80 cm long arranged in a fan at the end of the heavily armed 30-70 cm petiole
Spring. flowers may be staminate, pistillate and occasionally hermaphroditic; all are about 15 cm long, branched to two orders. Yellow male and female flowers are borne on different plants (usually)
Small round (1-2cm_ brown seeds - inconspicuous.
Bark / Trunk:
The trunk is very rough with the persistent leaf bases clasping the stem with layers of coarse fibrous material
Vigour / Longevity:
Slow growing and long lived.
Prefers full sun, cool winters, with plenty of rain (or, not) and hot, dry summers are the best home for this species.
Prefers full sun in a very well drained position. One of the most cold tolerant palm species, withstanding even heavy frosts to -10°C, so it is very popular in cooler dryer climates. Quite slow growing. A very good container plant
Soil / Drainage:
Prefers a well drained soil but will cope with a wide variety of soil types alkaline; clay; sand; acidic; loam.
Remove dead fronds to keep the plant tidy.
It will take severe drought, but is happiest with regular, if infrequent water.
Once a year with a slow release fertiliser.
Pests / Diseases:
No known diseases. But overwatering the crown can cause rotting.
One of the most cold tolerant palm species, withstanding even heavy frosts, also quite slow growing. A very good container plant. It makes a nice accent plant in a shrub border or in a low-growing groundcover
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