Chamaerops - - Semi-mature and mature Chamaerops humilis

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Chamaerops humilis - Dwarf or European or Mediterranean Fan Palm

 

Family:

Arecaceae

Origins:

Around the Mediterranean from Africa's Atlas Mountains in Morocco to Spain and France and eastward to Turkey.

Plant Type:

Evergreen soft wooded perennial -palm wit fan shaped leaves

Size:

1 - 4m

Habit/ Form:

A very variable species, usually clumping, however, also occasionally single trunked, to about 3m tall.

Leaves:

Palmately compound, 1-1.5 m long, with 10-20 fingered leaflets 50-80 cm long arranged in a fan at the end of the heavily armed 30-70 cm petiole

Flowers:

Spring. flowers may be staminate, pistillate and occasionally hermaphroditic; all are about 15 cm long, branched to two orders. Yellow male and female flowers are borne on different plants (usually)

Fruit:

Small round (1-2cm_ brown seeds - inconspicuous.

Bark / Trunk:

The trunk is very rough with the persistent leaf bases clasping the stem with layers of coarse fibrous material

Vigour / Longevity:

Slow growing and long lived.

Environmental Requirements:

Prefers full sun, cool winters, with plenty of rain (or, not) and hot, dry summers are the best home for this species.

Hardiness:

Prefers full sun in a very well drained position. One of the most cold tolerant palm species, withstanding even heavy frosts to -10°C, so it is very popular in cooler dryer climates. Quite slow growing. A very good container plant

Soil / Drainage:

Prefers a well drained soil but will cope with a wide variety of soil types alkaline; clay; sand; acidic; loam.

Pruning:

Remove dead fronds to keep the plant tidy.

Watering:

It will take severe drought, but is happiest with regular, if infrequent water.

Fertilising:

Once a year with a slow release fertiliser.

Pests / Diseases:

No known diseases. But overwatering the crown can cause rotting.

Uses:

One of the most cold tolerant palm species, withstanding even heavy frosts, also quite slow growing. A very good container plant. It makes a nice accent plant in a shrub border or in a low-growing groundcover

 

 

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