An evergreen tree, conifer
: 5 - 25m x 10 great age.
A broad conical tree with a pendulous tip on the leader (a nodding leader) and mostly horizontal branches with weeping tips. The lower branches can sweep down to the ground and then up again. Noticeably more weeping in warmer climates from the weight of t
Acicular, four sided with lines of stomates on each side, tapering to a fine point. Up to 50mm, long, new growth glaucous aging to mid then dark green. The needles are scattered on young wood and in clusters of 15 to 20 on short spur branches on the older wood.
Male strobili, cone-like, erect, pale brown, 60 - 70mm high. The male strobili shed large amounts of golden pollen in mid autumn. The cones (ie: the female strobili) are glaucous when young.
Cones, 80 - 120mm x 50 - 60mm, barrel shaped, brown when ripe, the cone scales are exfoliate and break apart in the second or third winter.
Bark / Trunk:
Grey and smooth on young trees, eventually becoming thick with narrow vertical fissures and ridges.
Vigour / Longevity:
Moderately vigorous, more vigorous in warmer areas, long lived.
Full sun for best foliage colour
Snow and frost tolerance can vary depending on the area the parent plant was originally from, wind and drought tolerant once established, but may loose some leaves or show some leaf burn.
Soil / Drainage:
Very adaptable, grows well in most soils, but will not tolerate stagnant water in soils.
Plant where there is plenty of room for this plant to develop its natural habit. Train to a single leader. This plant usually forms a good natural habit without further pruning, but occasionally an excessively long branch may need to be shortened. If a mo
While this plant is drought tolerant once it is established, it looks best when kept evenly moist.
Apply a complete fertiliser and a thick mulch in late winter till established.
Pests / Diseases:
Leaf burn and leaf drop during a drought.
Habit contrast plant in a large landscape, silhouette tree, conifer gardens, formal gardens, tubs when young, bonsai and mass planted as screen. The tops of the cones are used as wood roses.
© Text reproduced here with the kind permission of Tony Wilson and Barck Books.