East coast of Australia from the Tropic of Capricorn to Southern Victoria
6 - 15m x 6 - 15m
Usually a gnarled tree with an irregular crown; can be shrub-like on severely salt exposed sites.
Alternate or whorled, oblanceolate, 80 -120mm x 20 - 30mm, the juvenile leaves are serrate, the adolescent leaves are partly serrate and the adult leaves are entire, all are dark green and white beneath.
A dense cylindrical spike 100 - 150mm x 70 - 80mm. The many small pale yellow flowers and yellow styles, fragrant. Rich in nectar. Main flowering autumn and winter with some spot flowering the rest of the year.
Greyish woody follicles on the flower spikes, lasting on the plant for many years.
Bark / Trunk:
Rough hard light grey brown bark
Vigour / Longevity:
Moderately fast growing, long lived
Prefers full sun (including west) tolerates part sun positions well.
Tolerates short periods of drought, moderate frosts, neglect, front line salt, saline soils, light shade and wind.
Soil / Drainage:
Extremely adaptable, tolerates soils ranging from sandy to clay loams with an acid, neutral or alkaline pH. Tolerates very well drained to moderately well drained soils.
The natural habit is very picturesque if allowed to develop, this tree can be pruned to a single leader or the one year old wood can be moderately hard pruned after flowering to encourage a dense shrub-like habit.
Produces the best foliage and flowers if kept evenly moist, tolerates short periods of drought well.
Use a complete native plant fertiliser during spring, summer and autumn till established.
Pests / Diseases:
Borer on old or unhealthy plants
Native gardens, honey and seed eating bird attracting plant, screen, flower contrast plant, habit and foliage colour contrast plant, tubs, coastal gardens, cut flower, sandy soil binder, shade tree and mixed wind breaks plant.
© Text reproduced here with the kind permission of Tony Wilson and Barck Books.