Malus - - Semi-mature and mature Malus ioenis Plena

02 9652 0300


Malus ioenis Plena - Bechtel's Crab Apple





The species is from Minnesota, Wisconsin and Kansas, this cultivar is a nursery selection.

Plant Type:

Deciduous tree


6m x 4m at 20 years, can reach 10m x 8m

Habit/ Form:

With good early training this is a short trunked tree with a broad domed canopy, the main branches ascending, the outer branches spreading. Young nursery plants are often pruned to be shrubby which makes them easier to sell, unfortunately they have very l


Alternate, oblong / ovate with 3 to 4 lobes on each side, 50 - 100mm x 30 - 60mm, margin serrate with shallow lobes, shiny mid to dark green, paler beneath, turning yellow, orange and crimson in autumn in cold climates.


Rounded pale pink buds open to fragrant, crateriform, double pale pink flowers that fade to white at the centre. Main flowering mid to late spring.


Not produced.

Bark / Trunk:

New stems covered in grey tomentum aging to reddish brown then grey. The bark on the trunk and main branches is grey.

Vigour / Longevity:

Moderately vigorous, long lived.

Environmental Requirements:

Prefers sunny, wind protected positions.


Frost hardy to - 10°C, tolerates neglect once established.

Soil / Drainage:

Produces the best growth on fertile well drained soils, produces weak growth on sandy soils unless a large amount of organic matter and fertilisers are added to the soil.


Prune after flowering, not in mid winter. Early training is essential to establish a single trunk and well placed main branches. All crossing branches should be ruthlessly removed. Once the main framework is established, little further pruning is usually


Water during dry summers, otherwise supplemental watering is not usually needed once established.


Apply a complete fertiliser after flowering or after pruning.

Pests / Diseases:

Powdery mildew


Flowering specimen tree, small shade tree, spring gardens, limited use as a street tree, a useful sized tree for small gardens. This tree is much prized for its heavy and late flowering



© Text reproduced here with the kind permission of Tony Wilson and Barck Books.



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