Britain, northern Europe, central and western Asia
15 - 20m x 10 - 12m
A single trunked narrow domed tree with a vase shaped branch pattern, becoming broad domed with age
Alternate, broad elliptic to obovate, 80 -120mm x 65 - 75mm, with an asymmetric leaf base and a pointed apex, margin serrate to biserrate, prominent venation, new growth yellow aging to yellow green in summer, turning golden yellow in autumn.
Inconspicuous with the new growth in spring.
A nutlet with a yellowish membranous wing around the seed. Fully developed in early spring, ripening in summer and autumn.
Bark / Trunk:
Smooth grey, becoming brownish / grey and furrowed with age.
Vigour / Longevity:
Moderately vigorous, long lived
Needs sun exposure on all side to produce good autumn colour, avoid areas exposed to hot dry winds.
Hardy to -10°C
Soil / Drainage:
Prefers moderately fertile, moist, well drained soils, but is very adaptable, tolerates most soils with reasonable drainage and reliable moisture.
Train to a single leader when young, remove any crossing branches, then allow to develop its natural habit.
This plant is not drought tolerant, only plant in soils with reliable moisture, this tree is too large to irrigate when mature. Water in dry weather to stop leaf burn.
Fertilise with a complete fertiliser in late winter for spring growth till established.
Pests / Diseases:
Leaf burn in dry and windy conditions. Borers are sometimes a problem on old and stressed trees.
Summer and autumn foliage colour contrast tree, shade tree, street tree and avenue tree.
© Text reproduced here with the kind permission of Tony Wilson and Barck Books.