Brachychiton - - Semi-mature and mature Brachychiton acerfolius

02 9652 0300


Brachychiton acerfolius - lllawarra Flame Tree





Coastal slopes of Eastern Australia

Plant Type:

Evergreen, semi-deciduous, or deciduous tree. This


12- 15mx6-8m

Habit/ Form:

Usually a single trunked tree with a conical crown.


Alternate, extremely variable to 300mm long, lanceolate / elliptic or three to seven times palmately lobed, shiny dark green, turning brown before falling.


Apetalous, the calyx (of fused sepals) campanulate with five lobes, 20mm x I5mm, bright scarlet, in terminal and axillary clusters (panicles) on bright scarlet individual flower stems (pedicels) and the supporting flower stems (peduncles). Main flowering spring and early summer. Flowering times and the amount of flowers produced can be very variable.


A cluster of woody boat shaped follicles, 70 - 100mm long

Bark / Trunk:

Smooth grey bark

Vigour / Longevity:

Slow becoming moderately vigorous, long lived

Environmental Requirements:

Full sun for best flowering and habit.


Drought tolerant, frost tender, Phytophthom cinnamomi tolerant.

Soil / Drainage:

Prefers well drained fertile soils, very hardy, grows in sandy soils and clays with moderate drainage.


Train to a single leader.


Water in dry weather to keep vigorous and to promote more flowers.


Fertilise with complete native plant fertilisers, or liquid organic fertilisers during the growing season until established.

Pests / Diseases:

Kurrajong Leaf Tier Caterpillar in dry areas.


Flowering shade tree, street tree, native gardens, flower colour contrast tree - often with Jacaranda mimosifolia and Grevillea robusta.



© Text reproduced here with the kind permission of Tony Wilson and Barck Books.



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